Exercise to Relieve Sciatica Pain

Have u ever feel pain in your lower back, posterior thigh, and legs? If you feel pain in this region then do u think about why u feel pain. Let’s have a look at why u feel pain.

What is Sciatica?

A nerve that runs from the lower spine L4, L5, S1, S2, and S3 is called the sciatic nerve. When the sciatic nerve compress due to any reason it causes pain in the lower back. Pain radiates along the sciatic nerve which runs down one or both legs from the lower back.

Causes of Sciatica

Sciatic nerve impingement is caused due to many reasons:

1. Lumbar Herniated Disc

This condition occurs when the soft center of a spinal disc has cracks tougher part. It is also known as “Slipped disc”.

2. Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease

This is a condition of the disc between vertebrae with loss of cushioning, fragmentation, and herniation related to aging.

3. Spondylolisthesis

A narrowing of the open spaces in the lower lumbar spine.

4. Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

A narrowing of the open spaces in the lower lumbar spine.

Symptoms of Sciatica

There are many symptoms that patient can experience in sciatica:

  1. Pain areas: In the back, buttock, hip, or lower extremities.
  2. Pain types: Can be mild, severe, radiating, or sharp.
  3. Pain circumstances: Can occur due to injury or while sitting.
  4. Muscular: Difficulty walking or muscle weakness.
  5. Sensory: Leg numbness or pins and needles.
  6. Burning sensation, foot numbness, or weakness.

Risk factors of Sciatica

  • Age: Age-related spine changes, such as herniated discs & bone spurs are the most common cause of sciatica.
  • Obesity: By increasing the stress on your spine, excess body weight can contribute to the spinal changes that trigger sciatica.
  • Occupation: a job that requires you to twist your back, carry heavy loads or drive a motor vehicle for long periods might play a role in sciatica.
  • Prolonged sitting: People who sit for a prolonged period or have a sedentary lifestyle are more likely to develop sciatica than active people are.
  • Diabetes: This condition, which affects the way your body uses blood sugar, increases your risk of nerve damage


  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain proper posture when you sit
  • Use body mechanics


  • Physical examination: The doctor may check your muscle strength and reflexes. For example, you may be asked to walk on your toes or heels, rise from a squatting position, and lifts your legs one at a time while lying on your back.
  • MRI
  • CT scan
  • Electromyography(EMG)


The treatment for sciatica pain is most important because it is mostly treated by physiotherapy and medications.


The types of drugs that might be prescribed for sciatica pian included-

  • Anti-inflammatory 
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Narcotics
  • Tricyclic antidepressant 
  • Anti-seizure medication

Physical Therapy

Once your acute pain improves, your doctor or a physical therapist can design a rehabilitation program to help to prevent future injuries.

  • Cold packs
  • Hot packs
  • Stretching

Nikita Sharma

Hope you have enjoyed reading this blog and gained good knowledge regarding the topic. Here, I am Nikita Sharma I am a student of physiotherapy and I love to write blogs related with Physiotherapy.

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