Physiotherapy is a vast term in the medical field. There are no limitations in physiotherapy except surgery. The scope of physiotherapy is so vast. The main part of the physiotherapy field is to make a correct diagnosis before planning treatment protocol. If your assessment is perfect then your treatment will be easy for you as well as for your patient. Do you ever know what is physiotherapy assessment and how it performs? In this article, we will discuss physiotherapy assessment.
What is physiotherapy assessment?
The physiotherapy assessment is the most important part of the physiotherapy field to treat patients. In physiotherapy, there are several different-different fields such as orthopedics, neurology, cardiorespiratory, manual, pediatrics, and many more according to the patient’s condition. So, every field has a different assessment form according to its needs. When you are perfectly able to make a physiotherapy assessment and diagnosis then it will be very easy for you to treat your patients.
Physiotherapy assessment includes many things like muscle testing, functions of the body, gait, balance, nerve injury, history of any trauma, and other things according to their conditions. A physiotherapy assessment is necessary for the diagnosis as well as for the documentary records. It helps to have a complete record of the patient.
What happens in a physiotherapy assessment?
Physiotherapists have a complete assessment form which is 3-4 pages. In this, physiotherapists ask some questions to the patient about their complaints, present, past history of illness, history of trauma, check their ROM, and many more. In the physiotherapy assessment, they have complete information about the patient, the side effects of any drug or anything that can cause any complications, and how he was injured? In this, they also have their diagnosis and treatment protocol with the complications.
First, we ask about the health-seeking question, in which the patient briefly tells you about their complaints, goals of physiotherapy, and what they expect from the physiotherapy. For example, I have pain in my right shoulder and I want to play tennis again and I expect that you will tell me the exercises which I can do at my home easily to recover faster. It is taking complete space and time to know about the history and screening of the patient.
Secondly, assessment helps you to know about generalized red flags that will help you to make the diagnosis. In this, you ask some general questions to the patient such as general malaise, unexplained fever, unexplained weight loss, cancer in history, prolonged use of corticosteroids, a trauma in history, night pain, any changes of sensation in arms, legs, dizziness, the problem with balance or vision.
Thirdly, move toward the tract anamnesis to check the radiation of the pain. Because sometimes the origin of the problem is somewhere and the patient feels pain in another area. That is called referred pain. Referred pain is also in the visceral region.
Then ask about the course of the pain like how many episodes of pain he/she has, how severe is it, what type of pain he/she has, is the pain is marked by a gradual decrease in pain and increase in activity level and participation.
What is the purpose of assessment in physiotherapy?
The purpose of assessment in physiotherapy is most important because it helps to maintain the records of the patient as well as helps to take the complete information about the patient. Every condition such as elbow joint pain, shoulder joint dislocation, cerebral palsy, knee joint, and many more in every field has a different assessment and helps to make a diagnosis and treatment plan. The physiotherapy assessment also tells about red flags in the treatment protocol. In the assessment, the patient mainly answers yes or no.
The patient is not easily telling you about their health issues, addiction to anything, and past history so you have to ask them again and again to know the truth of the history. This will helps us a lot to know the history and deal with the patient.